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Diabetes Statistics

Diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in the United States. According to the CDC’s (Centers for Disease Control) National Diabetes Statistics Report for 2017 cases of diabetes have risen to an estimated 30.3 million. Below is a summary of the latest diabetes statistics included in the CDC’s report. 

How many people have diabetes?

  • 30.3 million people, or 9.4% of the U.S. population, have diabetes. An estimated 23.1 million people - or 7.2% of the population - had diagnosed diabetes. Approximately 7.2 million people have diabetes but have not yet been diagnosed (All ages, 2015).
  • Diabetes impacts all social, economic, and ethnic backgrounds.
  • Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes, affecting approximately 1.5 million people.

New Cases of Diabetes in Adults and Children

  • In 2015, an estimated 1.5 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed among U.S. adults aged 18 years or older.
  • This includes approximately 193,000 children and adolescents younger than age 20 years.
  • During 2011-2012, the estimated annual number of newly diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes in the U.S. included 17,900 children and adolescents younger than age 20*.
  • The annual number of children and adolescents age 10 - 19 years diagnosed with type 2 diabetes was 5,300*.

Incidence of Diabetes Complications

  • Diabetes can affect many parts of the body and is associated with serious complications, such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-limb amputation, among other conditions.

Hospitalizations

  • In 2014, a total of 7.2 million hospital discharges were reported with diabetes as any listed diagnosis among U.S. adults aged 18 years or older.
  • 1.5 million discharges for major cardiovascular diseases, including 400,000 for ischemic heart disease and 251,000 for stroke
  • 108,000 discharges for lower-extremity amputation
  • 168,000 discharges for diabetic ketoacidosis

Emergency Department Visits

  • In 2014, a total of 14.2 million emergency department visits were reported with diabetes as any listed diagnosis among adults aged 18 years or older.
  • 245,000 visits for hypoglycemia (severe low blood sugar)
  • 207,000 for hyperglycemic crisis (severe high blood sugar)

Kidney Disease

  • Among U.S. adults aged 20 years or older with diagnosed diabetes, the estimated prevalance of kidney disease was 36.5% during 2011-2012.
  • In 2014, a total of 52,159 people developed end-stage renal disease with diabetes as the primary cause.

Diabetes is a deadly disease

  • Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2015 based on the 79,535 death certificates in which diabetes was listed as the underlying cause of death.
  • Diabetes was listed as any cause of death on 252,806 death certificates in 2015.

The Cost of Diabetes

  • In 2012, the total estimated cost of diagnosed diabetes in the U.S. was $245 billion.
  • Average medical expenditures for people with diagnosed diabetes were about $13,700 per year. About $7,900 of this amount was attributed to diabetes.
  • Average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were about 2.3 times higher than expenditures for people without diabetes.

More about Diabetes

Diabetes is caused by the body’s inability to create or effectively use its own insulin, which is produced by islet cells found in the pancreas. Insulin helps regulate blood sugar (glucose) levels – providing energy to body cells and tissues.

  • Without insulin, the body’s cells would be starved, causing dehydration and destruction of body tissue.
  • People with type 1 diabetes must have insulin delivered by injection or a pump to survive.
  • Many people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose by following a healthy meal plan and a program of regular physical activity, losing excess weight, and taking medications. Medications for each individual with diabetes will often change during the course of the disease. Insulin also is commonly used to control blood glucose in people with type 2 diabetes.



Source: Centers for Disease Control National Diabetes Statistics Report 2014; National Institutes of Health
*SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study

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